Environmental Science

Course Requirements

BIO 101: General Biology

Introduction to cell anatomy and organismal biology. The five kingdoms of life are surveyed, emphasizing distinguishing features and lifestyles. In-depth study of major organ systems of multicellular animals. Emphasis on principles underlying living organisms, problems they face and solutions that have evolved. Designed as first of two semesters of a general survey. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

BIO 102: General Biology

Introduction to biochemistry, molecular cell biology and cell energetics. Genetics covered in relation to molecular mechanisms, population biology and evolutionary theory. Survey of botany, including anatomy and physiology of plants. Introduction to ecological principles, including ecosystem organization; interaction of biotic and abiotic factors; and the biosphere. Prerequisite: 101. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

BIO 230: Conservation BIology

Conservation biology is the science of preserving biodiversity and sustaining the earth. It draws upon many disciplines and findings of theoretical biology in an attempt to develop strategies for preserving people, populations, species, biological communities and ecosystems. The course uses case studies to survey the possibilities and problems of applying conservation principles in the real world. Students will identify and find solutions to conservation problems in the local area. Prerequisite: 102 or 110. NSL, ESL

BIO 314: Ecology

Introduction to the principles of ecology. Study of factors governing distribution and abundance of plants and animals in natural and disturbed ecosystems. Prerequisites: 102, MAT 103. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL, ESL, WI

CHM 101, 102: General Chemistry I, II

The first semester of a two-semester sequence intended for students majoring in the sciences. The course focuses on the study of atomic structure, nomenclature, stoichiometry, energy, bonding and coordination chemistry. The laboratory work reinforces lecture topics. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in MAT 103 or placement above MAT 103. High school chemistry or an introductory chemistry course is strongly recommended. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

The continuation of General Chemistry I with emphasis on solutions, kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base chemistry, thermodynamics and electrochemistry. The laboratory work reinforces lecture topics and includes qualitative analysis. Prerequisites: CHM 101 and MAT 103. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL


CHM 103: Fundamentals of General Chemistry

This course is designed to meet a one-semester general chemistry requirement. An overview of the following topics is provided: atomic structure and bonding, stoichiometry, energy and acid-base chemistry, redox chemistry, equilibrium kinetics and hydrocarbons.

Laboratory work reinforces lecture topics. Prerequisite: MAT 098/100 or equivalent. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

CHM 201, 202: Organic Chemistry I, II

The first course of a two-semester sequence that introduces structure, bonding and reactivity of organic (carbon-based) compounds. The lecture focuses on properties and reactivity of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, with an emphasis on reaction mechanisms and stereochemistry. The laboratory introduces basic purification and synthetic techniques, and analytical methods including polarimetry, IR and NMR spectroscopy. Prerequisite: 102. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

A continuation of CHM 201 with an added emphasis on molecules with biological importance. The lectures include a discussion of carboxylic acids and their derivatives, enolates, aromatics, amines, lipids, carbohydrates and amino acids. The laboratory work includes more advanced synthetic methods and an independent research project. Prerequisite: 201. Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory. NSL


CHM 104: Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry in Biological Systems

This course is designed to meet a one-semester requirement in organic chemistry of biological systems. An overview of nomenclature, functional groups and reactions is provided, with an emphasis on structure and reactions in biological systems including proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and enzymes. Prerequisite: 103. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

ENV 110: Introduction to Environmental Science

This course examines the interrelationship of causes of environmental issues that confront the human species: pollution, resource consumption and human population. To thoroughly understand the root causes of these problems and discover acceptable, equitable solutions, an interdisciplinary approach is taken. The course combines ideas and information from the natural sciences, social sciences and ethics to examine how the natural world operates and is connected. The course includes a laboratory component. ESL

ENV 204: Environmental Policy

Investigates selected environmental issues from an interdisciplinary perspective with a focus on how environmental issues shape policy in the United States. The course will explore the institutional setting in which environmental policy proceeds, the participants involved in creating policy and the political, economical and ethical factors that shape policy. Prerequisite: 110. ES, CC, WI

ENV 215: Environmental Impact Assessment

Historical survey of the impact of human beings on the environment. Topics include cultural-historical land use and its environmental impact, sustainable land use planning and assessing the impact of development on the social and natural environment. Class will perform an environmental impact assessment of a campus, borough or county plan or project. Prerequisites: 110 or 201. ES

MAT 115: Introductory Statistics

A course in basic statistical concepts and techniques for the non-mathematics major. Topics include descriptive statistics, measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability theory, standardized probability distributions, correlation and regression, inferential statistics, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing and analysis of variance. Prerequisite: 098/100 or Mathematics Placement Exam results. NS


MAT 130: Calculus and Analytical Geometry

Review of functions and introduction to the concepts of limits, differentiation and integration. Use of the derivative and analytic geometry for sophisticated graphing of functions and relations. Application of the derivative and definite integral to the study of problem-solving techniques in the physical sciences. Prerequisite: 110 or Mathematics Placement Exam results. NS

ENV 401: Ecological Perspectives in the Sciences and Humanities

A senior capstone seminar that integrates student coursework, internships and other educational experiences,. The course will examine current theoretical topics in environmental and ecological thought, and will vary based on faculty and student interest. As a writing-intensive course, detailed research and written and oral presentations will accompany rigorous examination of primary literature. Prerequisites: senior standing in environmental studies or related program of study; permission of instructor. ES

RLS 220: Environmental Ethics

Reflection on ecological issues in ethical and belief-based perspectives. Students examine selected problems related to our use and abuse of the natural environment and come to terms with the values, motives and other forces that shape decisions here. ES, ETH, WI

In addition, select three of the following, at least one of which is at the 300 level:

BIO 206: Invertebrate Zoology

Study of the major groups of invertebrates with consideration of morphology, evolution, physiology and ecology. Prerequisite: 102. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL.

BIO 210: Introductory Botany

Survey of the plant kingdom, emphasizing classification, evolution, structure and function. Emphasis also on botanical, horticultural and economic aspects of plants used as sources of food, fibers and pharmaceuticals. Prerequisite: 102. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

BIO 270: Marine Ecology

A seminar course offered as needed to cover topics of interest to students and faculty that are not treated in the regular curriculum. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

BIO 309: Evolution

A study of the history of life on earth and examination of principles of organic evolution in plants and animals. Current topics in evolutionary theory. Prerequisites: 102, 208, and a quantitative skills course. NS, WI

CHM 205: Analytical Chemistry

A study of the fundamental principles of statistical analysis of data, theory and quantitative methods of spectrophotometry and analytic separations. The laboratory work integrates classical and instrumental techniques in the analysis of real-life samples. Prerequisite: 102. Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory. NSL

ENV 203: Science, Technology, and Society

A study of the relationships between technology and humans, ranging from traditional societies to the modern industrial and postindustrial West. Issues include the relationship of science and technology, technology and culture, and the effect of tools and machines on human experience. ES, ETH

ENV 216/316: Agroecology

Basic principles of ecology as they apply to agricultural systems. Comparison of industrialized and sustainable agriculture. Survey of traditional agricultural practices in global and historical context. Field and laboratory work in association with the Center for Sustainable Living. Students taking the course at the 300 level will complete a laboratory component. Prerequisite: 110 or BIO 102. ES, ESL

ENV 217: Environmental Stewardship

Inquiry into the experiential and practical aspects of environmental stewardship at the individual and institutional levels. The course examines the way human beings value the environment and bio-regional awareness. It also examines the philosophic, social and scientific principles of ecological stewardship and land management. Students will participate in an ecological stewardship project. Prerequisite: 110. ES

ENV 270/370: Topics (with adviser approval)

Seminar course offered on an occasional basis. Possible topics include: Low-Input Sustainable Agriculture, Sustainable Energy, Stewardship of Watershed Ecosystems (lab), Sustainable Architecture and Permaculture Design (lab).

ENV 305/505: Environmental Education

The course introduces students to fundamental approaches, processes and goals of environmental education (EE). Much of the course involves fieldwork, including at the Fulton Farm; using guest speakers, experiential learning and field trips in which students will learn EE curricula recognized and adopted on a national or statewide basis. Students will learn Pennsylvania Department of Education standards and how to evaluate and deliver lessons in an engaging fashion. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. ES

ENV 355: Internship

Work experience with a significant academic component. Students will complete a portfolio that exhibits both a visual and written display of learning, including evidence of theoretical knowledge and experiential learning. The portfolio may be used as a record of the student’s work for graduate school or employment. A presentation to the college community is also required. Prerequisite: second-semester junior or senior if used to fulfill capstone requirement.

Recommended: While not a requirement, students are encouraged to take ENG 185: Literature of the Natural World to fulfill their Literature TDS requirement.